I believe that many people should already know that eating vegetables and fruits regularly is beneficial to the body. But many people may not know that the color of fruits and vegetables and benefits that we eat every day, each color indicate different benefits and properties. So, we will tell about the benefits of vegetables and fruits in 5 colors, what does each color help with? Interesting facts that people who love health must take note of!
Fruits and vegetables are categorized into different groups and exist in a variety of bright colors such as red, purple, green, yellow, orange, and white. Although the color is beautiful, the true beauty lies in the contained therein. These colors indicate that the fruits and vegetables are filled with phytochemicals which is a healthy bioactive compound. (“Phytochemical” refers to a wide variety of compounds produced by plants. They are found in fruits, vegetables, beans, grains, and other plants. Some of the more commonly known phytochemicals include beta carotene, ascorbic acid (vitamin C), folic acid, and vitamin E.) So, consuming these colors will reduce the risk of chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease and certain cancers!
Color of fruits and vegetables and benefits
There is a reason why fruits and vegetables have a different colors. The color indicates a specific phytochemical. Lets us take into more detail below.
1. Red fruits and vegetables
Red vegetables: carrots, shallots, bell peppers, capsicums, tomatoes, okra, pink grapefruits and pink guavas.
Red fruits: watermelon, pomegranate, grapefruit, dragon fruit, ripe papaya, apple, beetroot, strawberry, raspberry, cherries and pomegranate seeds.
The benefits of red fruits and vegetables
The highlights of red fruits and vegetables are high levels of lycopene and betacyanin. which is an antioxidant It can fight free radicals 100 times more than vitamin E and 125 times more than glutathione. It also helps prevent prostate cancer including stomach cancer and lung cancer. It also helps against breast cancer cells, colon cancer, endometrial cancer, and prostate cancer as well.
2. Fruits and vegetables, purple and blue
Purple vegetables: eggplant, wagtail, purple cabbage, mango, butterfly pea flower, red onion, purple sweet potato and taro.
Purple fruits: blueberries, prunes, blackberries and rose apples.
The benefits of purple fruits and vegetables
The highlights of purple fruits and vegetables contain anthocyanin, which can help destroy substances that cause cancer, stimulate the functioning of cells to deteriorate less reduces the incidence of heart disease. It also helps to nourish the hair to be shiny as well.
3. Green fruits and vegetables
Green vegetables: Spinach, spinach, lettuce, morning glory, kale, cucumber, cabbage, betel leaf, golden leaf, broccoli, asparagus and spinach.
Green fruits: kiwi, avocado, green grapes and guava
The benefits of green vegetables
The highlights of green fruits and vegetables contain chlorophyll when our body accepts it as a precursor to red blood cell formation for the body. Eat and feel refreshed. antioxidant and protect the cells in the body from being destroyed. It also is good at reducing the incidence of cancer and helps with excretion as well.
4. Orange-yellow fruits and vegetables
Orange vegetables: carrot, sweet potato, lemon, turmeric, lemon and bell pepper.
Orange fruits: papaya, pumpkin, orange, pineapple, jackfruit, persimmon, durian, passion fruit, mango and gooseberry.
The benefits of orange-yellow fruits and vegetables
Highlights of orange fruits and vegetables contain beta-carotene that helps reduce cholesterol, reduce fat in the blood, help brighten your skin and maintain skin moisture. It also contains flavonoids and lutein to help nourish the eyes and maintain heart health blood vessels as well.
5 White-light brown fruits and vegetables
White vegetables: Soybeans, millet, ginger, galangal, garlic, radish and white sesame.
White fruits: Jujube, langsat, water chestnut, rambutan, lychee and sapodilla.
The benefits of white fruits and vegetables
Highlights of white fruits and vegetables contain xanthones, a substance in the flavonoid group that reduce inflammation and helps maintain blood sugar levels. It also contains synaptic acid and allicin. These substances have antioxidant effects, helping to prevent high blood pressure and coronary heart disease. Importantly, it also helps to reduce blood fats as well.
Nutrients in fruits and vegetables (especially vitamins, minerals, and dietary fiber) and a variety of phytochemicals contained in them have many benefits for health. Various studies have been conducted on the potential of this compound to reduce the risk of chronic diseases such as heart disease (by reducing cholesterol and high blood pressure) and some cancers (such as breast cancer, prostate, lungs, and stomach).
No one fruit or vegetable shall be providing all the vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals that you need. So, the best way to get maximum nutrients is by eating these various colors. By adding these colors, you can promote good health and reduce disease risk, and meet the five servings of fruits and vegetables you needed.
However, you do not need to take fruits and raw vegetables to meet the five servings a day. You can find them in shapes dried, frozen, or juiced, and if in the form of juice, make sure it is 100% pure juice.
Now that you know about the color of fruits and vegetables and benefits, Color your life with good health! You will not only improve your health and remain free of disease; you will also get a plate of food that looks like a rainbow!